A Salmonella bacteria infection is caused by contamination of food or water. Under cooked food and water contamination with feces are two of the most common occurrences of this bacterial infection. The effects of Salmonella are a fever, diarrhea, and cramps in the abdominal region. Most people have heard of or known about Salmonella infections, but they do not understand the intricacies behind the interaction between Salmonella bacteria and the host’s body. What does Salmonella do to the human body?
To answer this question, one must delve into the molecular level of the interactions between the bacteria and the infected human’s cells. Usually, when a pathogen like Salmonella attacks a human, the body triggers immune responses to protect its cells; however, Salmonella has developed an unique mechanism to prevent this response which would destroy it: creation of its own proteins. These proteins, known as zinc metalloprotease effector proteins, effectively attack the NF-kappaB transcription factors in human cells to stop the immune response.
The specific method the Salmonella bacteria uses to counter the human immune response sets it apart from other pathogens. If further research is conducted on exactly how the bacteria attacks each individual cell, it is possible to completely counteract the effects of the bacteria and eliminate it from the affected subject’s system. Researchers are currently striving to accomplish this feat right now; one day, Salmonella infections may be eradicated, and many people will not have to endure the pain and potential dangers associated with this troublesome bacteria.
Notwithstanding this, make sure you cook all of your meat before you eat it, and ensure that the water sources you utilize are clean to guarantee that you will not be infected with Salmonella!