Have you ever looked outside on a hot day and seen your grass turning brown? Well, that is a sign that the grass is dying and that you probably need to switch to Bermuda grass if you want lush, green grass around your home. This is a type of grass that is valued for its exceptional heat and drought tolerance and its ability to withstand heavy use and grow back quickly. This is why it is so popular among land owners in the United States. However, Bermuda’s climate requirements do limit its use to certain areas around the world.
Bermuda grass is native to tropical and subtropical countries worldwide and as a result, it is a perennial warm-season grass. Because of this, when it arrived in the US around 1807, it immediately became a primary grass in the Southern states. To elaborate, Bermuda grass flourishes in sites with full, direct sun and good drainage and has superior heat, salt, drought and humidity tolerance making it perfect for use in these regions. In addition, majority of Bermuda’s roots have a depth of around 6 feet which results in it having an extensive root system. This root system provides more resilience against environmental stresses than other warm-season plants.
As mentioned earlier, although Bermuda grass flourishes in warm, dry climates, the same cannot be said for the cold regions. Bermuda grass is more sensitive to cold temperatures than any other typical warm-season grasses. This lack of cold tolerance, which can be defined by the grass going dormant and turning brown during the winter, prevents its widespread use in the northern states, specifically above the ‘transition zone” which is around Virginia. However, in the majority of NC areas, Bermuda grass might be one of the best choices
Our state, North Carolina, is considered to have a humid-subtropical climate – Winters are short and mild, while Summers are usually very sultry. Spring and Fall are both transition seasons which are also typically defined by warm weather. There are 3 main regions in NC- Coastal Plains, Piedmont, and the Mountains. Bermuda grass is best suited for the Piedmont region and can also be used in the coastal region because these regions best manifest the season conditions stated above. This is because these regions tend to stay warm majority of the year and only get below freezing for a 2-3 months. This year, the Piedmont region has been experiencing abnormal heat in unexpected months. Our winters were not as cold as normal and as a result, Bermuda has been able to thrive. Second, Bermuda grass handle wear-and-tear well, which makes it a good choice for families who live in the Piedmont region where it is very populated. Lastly, another negative of Bermuda grass is that it grows aggressively and can take over an entire established lawn. In the Piedmont region, majority of the land-owners that grow grass own single-family homes. These homes are isolated from their neighboring lawns and this will prevent the spread of this grass to unwanted areas.
In conclusion, Bermuda grass is a type of grass that originated in sub-tropical climates and is heat, drought, salt, and humidity tolerant, making it one of the best lawns to grow in the Southern States as it will stay green all year long. However, it is not the best type to grow in the northern states because of its low cold tolerance but for the majority of us in NC, it is said to be one of the best. So, if you want the exterior of your house to look appealing, switching to Bermuda grass might be good choice.