“Today we’re dumping 70 million tons of global-warming pollution into the environment, and tomorrow we will dump more, and there is no effective worldwide response. Until we start sharply reducing global-warming pollution, I will feel that I have failed.” -Al Gore (45th vice president of the United States)
What is Global Warming ?
Global warming is the gradual increase of the earth’s average temperature and is a trend that scientists have been observing since around 1950. There is much evidence of the impact that global warming has left on this world. Some of these effects are
- Global Temperature Rises
- Shrinking Ice Sheets
- Declining Arctic Sea Ice
- Sea Level Rise
So you might be wondering, what causes Climate Change? (synonymous with Global Warming). Global Warming is often attributed to the Greenhouse gas effect. The greenhouse gas effect is when heat from earth that is escaping to space, is trapped in earth’s atmosphere. The gasses that cause this heat trapping blanket are known as greenhouse gasses and they include Water vapor, Carbon Dioxide, Nitrous Oxide, and Chlorofluorocarbons (A synthetic compound that was used in aerosol bottles). Human activities have increased the amount of greenhouse gasses get released into the atmosphere. For example, when fossil fuels are burned, Carbon Dioxide is produced, and when farmers use organic fertilizer Nitrous Oxide is released into the atmosphere.
Effects of Global Warming
Global Warming is a very dangerous phenomenon and negatively impacts many species of animals all across the world. Polar bears are losing their homes (ice caps are melting) and birds (they are forced to migrate earlier). Climate Change also affects humans. Scientists speculate that if oceans keep rising at their current rate Miami will be underwater by 2100.
What can we do to help prevent Climate Change?
However, all hope is not lost. There are things that we as people can do to protect the planet and animals we love. We can start by reducing our carbon emissions using less fossil fuels. We can bike or carpool to save gas. We also must offset our carbon footprint. This means that you must have less carbon emissions in order to compensate for using those emissions at another point in time. Below is a list of things that you can do to help fight climate change.
- Insulate homes to save on heating/cooling
- Install solar panels
- Use renewable sources of energy
All hope is not lost, just remember the journey to rid the world of climate change will not be an easy one, but it might just be the most important battle we will fight in our lifetimes.
-Post written by Yash Banga